Foot-and-mouth disease: prevention and preparedness
Jul 20, 2022
Common Causes of Foot Pain A large number of American adults suffer from foot pain every day. If you are one and don't know the cause, it could be one of these common conditions. There are dozens of reasons why you might experience foot pain, ranging from simply wearing uncomfortable shoes or a stone bruise to something major like a broken bone or neuropathy. Unfortunately, up to 42 percent of American adults admit to experiencing some type of foot pain on any given day. If your foot pain is persistent, and you don’t know the cause, it’s important to have it checked out by your doctor. While it could be an indication of a serious condition or illness, more often than not, it’s something common like one of the six conditions listed below:
If you’ve ever had a pinched nerve in your back or shoulder, you know just how painful it can be. Tarsal tunnel syndrome is essentially having a pinched nerve in your foot, and it can be pretty painful itself. The pain usually starts around the big toe and can radiate up towards the ankle and all the way into the calf in severe cases. It may cause burning, tingling and numbness as well. For most cases, rest and avoiding activity that aggravates the condition will make it go away. Your doctor may prescribe anti-inflammatory drugs or steroids injections as well. Unless it’s severe, you may even find that you don’t need to see a doctor.
As you age, the cartilage in your joints wears down, and you develop a condition called arthritis. Most people think of it being a condition of the back, knee, shoulder or elbow, but it can impact any joint in your body, including your toes and ankles. You may experience stiffness in the foot with arthritis or hear a grinding sound when you move or exercise. Many people find that inserts in their shoes, pads, braces, orthotics and arch supports can help alleviate many arthritis symptoms, especially when they are paired with a pain reliever or steroid injections. In some more severe cases, you may need a cane, walker, brace or special shoes.
Heel pain is one of the most common types of foot pains that people experience, and while there may be several causes, the most common is usually plantar fasciitis. Inside your foot is a long piece of tissue called the plantar fascia which is sort of like a shock absorber for your body. The part that connects to your heel can become inflamed easily which leads to heel pain, especially early in the morning when you take your first steps of the day. Resting your foot, wearing arch supports and cushions in your shoes, taking over-the-counter pain relievers and stretching your foot may help. In most cases, the pain subsides a bit as the day goes on.
If the pain is in your toe, it could be an ingrown toenail. Contrary to popular belief, you can’t usually see an ingrown toenail because it’s happening under your skin. But you can definitely feel it, and, if it becomes infected, you’ll notice redness and swelling around the side of the toenail. Try soaking your foot a few times each day and afterwards, gently pulling the skin back away from the nail and tucking a piece of gauze under it. If this doesn’t help or you do notice an infection, you’ll probably want to see your doctor as soon as possible. You may need antibiotics, and in severe cases, the toenail may need to be removed.
If you notice a little bump on the side of your foot, usually beneath the big toe, though it can be beneath your little toe on the outside of the foot, you may have bunions. These occur over time as your toes shift out of their original position. Pain may be constant, flare up occasionally or rarely occur at all. They’re more common in women than men, and they can be worse if you wear high heels. Shoe inserts, like bunion pads and toe spacers, can help ease the pain. Topical pain relief creams, switching to comfortable shoes, wearing a bigger size shoe, ice packs, soaking your feet and elevating your feet may also help. In some severe cases, you may require surgery.
Calluses and corns are both caused by friction. While the two are often confused with each other, corns typically occur on the foot where your shoes rub against your skin, and calluses may show up anywhere that sees constant friction, especially when you walk, jog or exercise. Both lead to the hardening of the skin and can be painful. Calluses on the bottom of the heel may even split open. Most of the time, you can treat both with over-the-counter products and home remedies, but if your corn or callus ever bleeds or discharges a clear fluid, it’s time to see a doctor. If you have heart disease, diabetes or poor circulation, you may also want to see your doctor anyway to make sure you don’t get an infection.
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What Is Foot and Mouth Disease? Everything you should know about hand, foot and mouth disease. Hand, foot and mouth disease is a viral illness that typically occurs in infants and children up to five years old, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). Here’s everything you need to know about the illness, including symptoms, causes, treatments and prevention steps.
Hand, foot and mouth disease is typically mild and does not cause an abundance of symptoms. Sometimes, sores, blisters or a red rash are the only symptom your child will experience. They may appear on your child’s hands, feet, buttocks and inside his or her mouth, according to the Mayo Clinic. Your child may also run a fever, have a sore throat or lose his or her appetite. In infants and smaller children, you may see irritability and general malaise, reports both the Mayo Clinic and the CDC.
While the illness almost always occurs in children under the age of five, older children, teens and adults can get it too. Some researchers believe that younger children get it because they haven’t yet built up an immunity to the virus that causes it, reports the American Academy of Dermatology. Several different viruses cause the illness, and they spread through contact with bodily fluids such as feces, urine, respiratory droplets, saliva and fluid from blisters, according to the Mayo Clinic. The disease tends to occur more frequently throughout the warmer seasons of the year in the United States, and it’s more common in children who attend daycare.
Doctors typically diagnose the illness by performing a simple physical exam of the blisters and other symptoms and comparing these with the child’s age, reports the CDC. They may also take a throat culture or fecal sample and request a lab test for analysis. There’s no treatment for hand, foot and mouth disease, and it typically goes away on its own after 10 days, according to the American Academy of Dermatology. Doctors can treat the symptoms, such as pain and fever, with medications and prescribed lifestyle changes, the organization also reports.
On the very rare occasion, complications may arise from the illness. Some children may become dehydrated because the blisters and sore throat prevent them from eating and drinking. Temporary loss of the toenails and fingernails may also occur. Other rare but potential complications are viral meningitis and encephalitis, which can lead to a paralysis similar to that found in polio patients, reports the CDC.
Hand, foot and mouth disease is highly contagious, and while you can’t prevent it completely, both the Mayo Clinic and CDC offer tips that can reduce your child’s chances. Wash your hands after changing diapers and before serving food. Make sure areas where children interact with each other are disinfected regularly, such as playgrounds, daycare centers and preschool classrooms. Clean your child’s toys often, too. As children grow, teach them how to have good hygiene. If your child does develop the illness, keep him or her home from school, daycare and social activities until the blisters have healed.
Foot & Mouth Disease | Travel + Leisure Foot & Mouth Disease Mark Orwoll, seasoned traveler and Travel + Leisure&aposs Managing Editor, is here to help you with your travel questions. Think of him as your personal concierge, and ask away If you can&apost send email through you
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